Be Healthy Information

Preventing Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease that makes your bones weak. It happens when you don’t have enough calcium and other minerals. And it often leads to fractures or pain.

Osteoporosis usually affects older people. However, you can strengthen your bones at any age by getting active and eating well.  

Get active 

A key step you can take to build and maintain strong bones is to exercise. Exercise helps your muscles and strengthens your bones.  

To build bone mass and density, focus on weight-bearing exercises or strength training. For weight-bearing workouts, try walking, jogging, dancing, or tai chi. For strength training, you could lift weights or use resistance bands.  

Get calcium 

Calcium is one of the most important nutrients for bone health. It helps keep your bones strong and healthy. Foods rich in calcium are:  

  • Low-fat dairy foods (milk, yogurt, and cheese) 
  • Broccoli and spinach 
  • Almonds 
  • Calcium-fortified soy, rice, or almond beverages 
  • Calcium-fortified orange juice  
  • Calcium-fortified breakfast cereal  

Keep your calcium  

Some foods and drinks may cause you to lose calcium. This may raise your risk of osteoporosis. Your risk may be higher if you:  

  • Drink too much caffeine (e.g., more than 3 cups of coffee a day) 
  • Have more than 3 servings of alcohol per day 
  • Drink a lot of carbonated cola soft drinks 
  • Consume foods high in salt (sodium) or sugar  

Get vitamin D  

Vitamin D helps your body absorb calcium and store it in your bones. Some vitamin D is made by your body after your skin is in the sun. You can also get it from these foods: 

  • Egg yolks 
  • Saltwater fish (such as mackerel, salmon, and halibut) 
  • Liver  
  • Milk and milk alternative foods fortified with vitamin D 


Some people may not be able to get all the vitamins and minerals they need from their food. If this is a concern for you, talk with your doctor. He or she can inform you about supplements your body may need for healthy bones. 

View Credits
Primary Author: Amanda Cavallari, MA
Clinical Reviewer: Lisa Pagani, RN, BSN, CCM, CCP
Final Review and Approval by Lisa Pagani, RN, BSN, CCM, CCP
--> Date of Annual Review:03/09/2023
Healthyroads' Editorial Staff follow a quality assurance process to help promote each article’s accuracy:
  • A health expert provides input on topic.
  • Scientific evidence from widely accepted health texts, peer-reviewed journals, and other reliable sources is consulted.
  • Final article is reviewed and approved by a health professional.
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